But Unlike The Fraction-evaluated Measure, More Exposed Schools Went From Lagging To Leading The Less Exposed Schools.

But Unlike The Fraction-evaluated Measure, More Exposed Schools Went From Lagging To Leading The Less Exposed Schools.

Florida Actuary

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The Growing Opportunities In Critical Criteria Of

We measure this based on the average percentage of first-year teachers in a school from 2007-08 through 2009-10. The 25th percentile school had 3.2 percent rookie teachers and the 75th percentile school had 7.6 percent rookie teachers during this time period. Results are in the graph below. As with the first measure of exposure, student test scores in both the more exposed schools and the less exposed schools had been declining prior to SSA and rebounded in the two years following SSA. But unlike the fraction-evaluated measure, more exposed schools went from lagging to leading the less exposed schools. That is, students in schools with relatively fewer first-year teachers in 2007-08 and 2008-09 outperformed their peers in schools with less experienced teachers, but the opposite was true after SSA. While the post-SSA difference is statistically distinct from zero at conventional levels in 2012-13 (though not in 2011-12), the difference between the two types of schools is also quite small – around one-half of one percent of a standard deviation differential improvement for the relatively affected set of schools. And we can’t rule out the possibility that the two types of schools were just trending differently over this time period for reasons unrelated to tenure reform. Results depicted in the first two figures are average estimated effects of tenure reform in Florida, and they tend to suggest that students in more affected schools developed at about the same or a slightly better rate after the SSA transition than students in less affected schools. But these reflect trends for the average student in each type of school, and tenure reform might have had different effects on different sets of students. For example, even though the state’s evaluation metric for teachers of courses with statewide assessments is based on their contribution to student achievement gains, or value-added,16 school and district leaders might focus their efforts on raising the achievement of relatively low-performing students – and so may teachers. In testimony and debate leading up to Governor Scott’s signature, SSA opponents argued that the law would penalize teachers whose students face myriad challenges outside of school.17  Also relevant is Florida’s school accountability system, which grades schools on average performance levels, average performance growth, and also on the performance growth of the lowest-scoring students in the school.

For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit https://www.brookings.edu/research/did-tenure-reform-in-florida-affect-student-test-scores/

Florida Actuary

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